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emsenn's timeline

This document is a listing of events that have happened, that I feel are worth keeping in mind.

Events marked STUB aren't complete, sorry about that.

6th Century

580s

583

583-12 December
[0583-12-23 Tue]
STUB Yohl Ik'nal is crowned Queen of Palenque

10th Century

960s

962

962-12 December
[0962-12-23 Thu]
STUB Byzantines sacked Aleppo

13th Century

1280s

1282

1282-12 December
[1282-12-11 Fri]
STUB Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, last sovereign Prince of Wales, was defeated in battle

Llywelyn ap Gruffudd (c. 1223 – 11 December 1282) was the last sovereign prince of Wales before its conquest by Edward I of England. He had, after a series of wars, sworn fealty to the English King, Edward I, but when his brother rebeled against the Crown, Llywelyn joined him, and at the Battle of Orewin Bridge at Builth Wells, he was killed after the English commanders misled him into believing they would pay homage.

16th Century

1520s

1521

1521-12 December
[1521-12-25 Sun]
STUB La Espanola slave revolt began

17th Century

1620s

1620

1620-12 December
[1620-12-21 Mon]
STUB Mayflower landed at Plymouth Rock

1650s

1652

1652-12 December
[1652-12-23 Mon]
STUB John Cotton died

1680s

1688

1688-12 December
[1688-12-11 Sat]
James II, while trying to abdicate to France, threw the Great Seal of the Realm into the Thames

After a bunch of janky shit that got him deposed, James II tried to get to France, but on the way he threw the Great Seal of the Realm, used to formalize documents, into the Thames.

[1688-12-23 Thu]
STUB King James II began his flight to Paris

18th Century

1780s

1781

1781-12 December

1783

1783-12 December
[1783-12-23 Tue]
STUB George Washington resigned as Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army

1790s

1792

1792-12 December
[1792-12-11 Tue]
STUB Louis XVI's trial for treason begins.

Louis XVI, the last King of France, was tried for treason by the National Convention, and at the end, his head got cut off.

1793

1793-12 December
[1793-12-23 Mon]
STUB French royalists are defeated at the Battle of Savenay

19th Century

1800s

1805

1805-12 December
[1805-12-23 Mon]
STUB Joseph Smith, founder of the LDS, is born

1810s

1810

1810-12 December
[1810-12-23 Sun]
STUB Edward Blyth was born

Zoologist, focused on birds, helped establish… zoological colonialism? whatever you'd call it; he was an early animal smuggler.

1815

1815-12 December
[1815-12-11 Mon]
STUB U.S. Senate created a select committee on finance and a uniform national currency.

The committee was the predecessor to the United States Senate Committee on Finance, which is responsible for a whole bunch of financial economic nonsense.

[1815-12-23 Sat]
STUB Jane Austen's novel Emma is published

1820s

1821

1821-12 December
[1821-12-27 Thu]
STUB Joseph Dejacque was born

Joseph Déjacque, born on this day in 1821, was a French anarcho-communist poet, philosopher, and writer who coined the term "libertarian" in reference to his own anti-capitalist politics. He utilized the term in an 1857 letter written to Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, criticizing his sexist views and support of individual ownership of the product of labor and a market economy.

Déjacque was sentenced to two years of prison for his collection of poems "Les Lazaréennes, Fables et Poésies Sociales", but escaped to London around the time of the December 2nd, 1851 coup d'état. There, he joined a small community of outlaws gathered in Jersey and published "La question révolutionnaire", an exposition of the philosophy of anarchism.

Later, Déjacque moved to the UNited States, where he publicly condemned the hanging of John Brown abd promoted the abolitionist cause. As the American Civil War began, Déjacque published a last issue of his paper "Libertaire" with an urgent appeal in which he urges the American people, whom he would like to be "less religious and more socialist", to defend freedom and the Republic against the "Jesuits, slavers, absolutists and authoritarians" who were at their door.

Déjacque then returned to France, living his remaining years in poverty and passing away in 1864.

1826

1826-12 December
[1826-12-21 Thu]
STUB American secessionists in Nacogdoches, Texas, declared independence

1828

1828-12 December
[1828-12-26 Fri]
STUB Dover Mill Women's Strike began

1830s

1831

1831-12 December
[1831-12-25 Sun]
STUB Baptist War began

in Jamaica

1835

1835-12 December
[1835-12-27 Sun]
STUB Osceola killed the Indian Agent who'd imprisoned him

1837

1837-12 December
[1837-12-25 Mon]
STUB Seminole Nation repelled a U.S. invasion

1840s

1844

1844-12 December
[1844-12-21 Sat]
STUB Rochdale Society of Equitable Pioneers started

1860s

1862

1862-12 December
[1862-12-26 Fri]
STUB Dakota 38 were executed

1869

1869-12 December
[1869-12-27 Mon]
STUB Knights of Labor were founded

1870s

1872

1872-12 December
[1872-12-21 Sat]
STUB HMS Challenger expedition began

1876

1876-12 December
[1876-12-23 Sat]
STUB Constantinople Conference began

1877

1877-12 December
[1877-12-23 Sun]
STUB Luigi Fabbri was born

1880s

1889

1889-12 December
[1889-12-25 Wed]
STUB Wilhelm Jelinek was born

German anarchist who survived WW2 to die in an East German prison in 1952

1890s

1890

1890-12 December
[1890-12-29 Mon]
STUB Wounded Knee Massacre

1893

1893-12 December
[1893-12-26 Tue]
STUB Mao Zedong was born

20th Century

1900s

1900

1900-12 December
[1900-12-22 Sat]
STUB Valerio Isca, co-founder of the Libertarian Book Club in NYC, was born

1905

1905-12 December
[1905-12-11 Mon]
STUB Workers in Kyiv, Ukraine rose up and formed the Shuliavka Republic.

Then a part of the Russian Empire, workers in Kiev rose up, stopped working at factories, formed a militia, and declared the worker's district the Shuliavka Republic, which was Kiev's sole authority. The Council of Workers' Deputies, leading the uprising, released a manifesto which called for the "abolition of the absolute monarchy, for the freedom of speech and assembly, for social services, for amnesty of political prisoners, for a national emancipation of Ukrainians, Poles, and Jews, and other nationalities of the Russian Empire, for the immediate end to the Jewish Pogroms, which embarasses our people," among other demands.

Four day]s later, the Imperial Russian Army and police surrounded the Shuliavska Republic and arrested at least 78 people and confiscated all weapons. The next day, armed Gendarmes and Cossacks put down the uprising.

[1905-12-22 Fri]
STUB Kenneth Rexroth, Wobbly poet, was born
[1905-12-30 Sat]
STUB Frank Steunenberg assassinated

Governor of Idaho

1907

1907-12 December
[1907-12-21 Sat]
STUB Santa Maria School Massacre

1908

1908-10 October
[1908-10-16 Fri]
STUB Enver Hoxha was born

Enver Hoxha, born on this day in 1908, was the communist leader of Albania from 1946 to 1985, leaving behind a complex legacy of feminism and greatly improved access to healthcare and education, coupled with what critics perceive as a paranoid personality cult and brutal state repression.

Hoxha is also known for having sharp ideological and political disagreements with the Soviet Union and communist Yugoslavia, siding most strongly with and receiving aid from Maoist China.

Before coming into power, Hoxha was a French school teacher and librarian, becoming a communist partisan after fascist Italy invaded Albania in 1939. In March 1943, the first National Conference of the Communist Party elected Hoxha formally as First Secretary.

It was in this position as First Secretary that Hoxha became head of state after the Albanian monarchy was abolished in 1946.

In the years after Stalin's death, Hoxha grew increasingly distressed by the policies of the Soviet leadership and of Khrushchev in particular. China was also disillusioned with Soviet behavior at this time, and Hoxha found common ground with Mao Zedong's criticisms of Moscow. By 1961, Hoxha's attacks on the "revisionist" Soviet leadership had so infuriated Khrushchev that he elected first to terminate Moscow's economic aid to Albania and ultimately to sever diplomatic relations entirely.

Under Hoxha's leadership, the Albanian literacy rate improved from 5-10% in rural areas to more 90%. Hoxha was also a proponent of women's rights, stating "the entire party and country should hurl into the fire and break the neck of anyone who dared trample underfoot the sacred edict of the party on the defense of women's rights". Accordingly, more than 175 times as many women attended secondary schools in 1978 than had done so in 1938.

Critics of Hoxha point out that his reign had state repression of dissidents reminiscent of the Soviet Union and what they perceived as a paranoid personality cult.

The government denied the population access to information other than that disseminated by the government-controlled media. The 1992 book "Albania: A Country Study" (commissioned by the U.S. government) alleges one out of three Albanians had either been interrogated by the Sigurimi secret police or incarcerated in labor camps.

Hoxha died in 1985, leading Ramiz Alia to succeed him as head of state. Although Albania was one of the poorest European nations at the time of his death, the country was also economically self-sufficient, carrying minimal foreign debt and boasting a trade surplus of $10 million.

"Every departure from class struggle has fatal results for the destiny of socialism."

  • Enver Hoxha

1910s

1913

1913-12 December
[1913-12-23 Tue]
STUB Federal Reserve Act is signed into U.S. law
[1913-12-24 Wed]
STUB The Italian Hall Disaster occurred

1916

1916-12 December
[1916-12-25 Mon]
STUB Ahmed Ben Bella was born

first Prime Minister of Algeria

1919

1919-12 December
[1919-12-21 Sun]
STUB Emma Goldman deported to Russia
[1919-12-23 Tue]
STUB Sexual Disqualification Act became law in the UK

It let women work

1920s

1920

1920-12 December
[1920-12-11 Sat]
STUB British forces burnt and looted Cork

It was in retaliation of an IRA ambush.

[1920-12-24 Fri]
STUB Storme DeLarverie was born

1922

1922-12 December
[1922-12-25 Mon]
STUB Founding congress for the International Workers Association began
STUB LAPD beat 7 people in their custody

1923

1923-12 December
[1923-12-27 Thu]
STUB The Toranomon Incident occurred

The Toranomon Incident (虎ノ門事件) was an assassination attempt on the Prince Regent Hirohito of Japan by communist dissident Daisuke Nanba that took place at the Toranomon intersection in downtown Tokyo, Japan on December 27th, 1923. Nanba was sentenced to death and executed on November 15th, 1924.

Nanba was motivated both by leftist ideology and a desire to avenge the execution of Shūsui Kōtoku, who was executed for his alleged role in the High Treason Incident of 1910. Hirohito was on his way to the opening of the 48th Session of the Imperial Diet when Namba fired a small pistol into his carriage, shattering a window and injuring a chamberlain, but leaving Hirohito unharmed.

After being arrested, Nanba explained that he was a communist and was seeking to avenge the death of Kōtoku. Despite court records affirming his sound state of mind, Namba was presented as insane to the public.

[1923-12-29 Sat]
STUB Catcher Race Riot

1924

1924-12 December
[1924-12-10 Wed]
STUB The Society for Human Rights was founded

The Society for Human Rights, founded by Henry Gerber in Illinois on this day in 1924, was the first gay rights organization in the United States. The Society for Human Rights also published the earliest-documented homosexual periodical, Friendship and Freedom. Although Gerber (shown above) founded the group, a black clergyman named John T. Graves was its first president, with Gerber serving as a director.

Gerber set out to expand the Society's membership beyond the original seven but had difficulty interesting anyone other than poorer gays in joining. More affluent members of Chicago's gay community refused to join his society, not wanting to ruin their reputations by being associated with homosexuality.

The Society was only a chartered organization for a few months before police arrested Gerber and several other members. After their arrests, the Chicago Examiner reported the story under the headline "Strange Sex Cult Exposed".

Gerber was subjected to three highly publicized trials, and his defense, while ultimately successful, cost him his life savings. Unable to continue funding the Society, the group dismantled, and Gerber left for New York City, embittered that none of the wealthier gays of Chicago had come to his aid for a cause he believed was designed to advance the common good.

1926

1926-12 December
[1926-12-23 Thu]
STUB Robert Bly was born

One of the leaders of mythopoetic masculinity.

1927

1927-12 December
[1927-12-11 Sun]
STUB Communist Red Guards rose up in Guangzhou, China, and formed a Gaungzhou Soviety

They tried!

1930s

1936

1936-12 December
[1936-12-11 Fri]
STUB Edward VIII's abdication took effect

The things we do for love.

[1936-12-23 Wed]
STUB Spanish Republic legalized the Regional Defense Council of Aragon
[1936-12-30 Wed]
STUB Flint Sit-down Strike began

1937

1937-10 October
[1937-10-02 Sat]
STUB The Parsley Massacre began

The Parsley Massacre was an act of genocide which started on October 2nd, 1937, in which the army of the Dominican Republic was ordered by Rafael Trujillo to exterminate Haitians living in the northwest Dominican Republic.

The Parsley Massacre (Spanish: El Corte "the cutting"; Creole: kout kouto-a "the stabbing") was an act of genocide committed against Haitians living in the Dominican Republic's northwestern frontier that began on this day in 1937. Estimates of the amount of Haitians murdered range from 12,000-35,000.

The massacre was carried out by the Dominican Army on the orders of Dominican dictator Rafael Trujillo, who initiated the violence with this statement, given on Oct. 2nd, 1937:

"To the Dominicans who were complaining of the depredations by Haitians living among them, thefts of cattle, provisions, fruits, etc., and were thus prevented from enjoying in peace the products of their labor, I have responded, 'I will fix this.' And we have already begun to remedy the situation. Three hundred Haitians are now dead in Bánica. This remedy will continue."

In the following week, hundreds of Dominican troops poured into the region, killing Haitians with rifles, machetes, shovels, knives, and bayonets. Haitian children were reportedly thrown in the air and caught by soldiers' bayonets, then thrown on their mothers' corpses. Others were drowned in the sea, making identification and counting of the dead impossible.

The term "Parsley Massacre" for the genocide came from the method that Dominican soldiers would use to determine whether or not those living on the border were native Afro-Dominicans or immigrant Afro-Haitians - they would hold up a sprig of parsley to someone and ask them what it was.

If the person could pronounce it the Spanish way ("perejil"), the soldiers considered them Dominican and let them live, however if they pronounced it with a French or Creole accent, they were considered Haitian and executed.1

1940s

1941

1941-12 December
[1941-12-11 Thu]
STUB Germany and Italy declared war on the United States, Poland declared war on Japan

1946

1946-12 December
[1946-12-22 Sun]
STUB Kuwasi Balgoon was born

1947

1947-12 December
[1947-12-23 Tue]
STUB Transistor demonstrated at Bell Labs

1948

1948-12 December
[1948-12-23 Thu]
STUB Japanese leaders of World War 2 are executed

1949

1949-12 December
[1949-12-21 Wed]
STUB Thomas Sankara was born

1950s

1951

1951-12
[1951-12-25 Tue]
STUB Moore Home Bombing

Harry and Harriette Moore's home was bombed by white supremacists

1954

1954-12 December
[1954-12-23 Thu]
STUB First successful kidney transplant

1956

1956-12 December
[1956-12-10 Mon]
STUB The People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) was founded

On this day in 1956, the People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) was founded in a merger between two smaller communist and anti-colonial parties. The MPLA fought for their independence from Portuguese colonizers, alongside the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC), the Mozambique Liberation Front (FRELIMO) and CLSTP, forerunner of the Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe.

From 1961 to 1974, the MLPA waged a guerrilla liberation war against the Portuguese colonial government in Angola. Following the Carnation Revolution in Portugal, the newly-established Portuguese military government granted Angola independence, which was to be led by a coalition of different anti-colonial liberation armies.

The coalition quickly broke apart, erupting into a civil war between the MPLA, the National Liberation Front of Angola (FNLA), and the Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA). The MLPA won the war, and has ruled Angola since 1975.

At its first congress in 1977, the MPLA adopted Marxism-Leninism as its official ideology. Receiving military support from Cuba and the Soviet Union, they maintained control over most territory in Angola, despite extensive aid to the FNLA and UNITA from South Africa, Zaire, and the United States.

Both the MPLA and UNITA were complicit in war crimes; more than 500,000 civilians were killed during the civil war.

After the end of the Cold War and collapse of the Soviet Union, the MPLA renounced Marxism-Leninism in favor of social democracy. Though no longer a proxy war between the USA and the USSR, the Angolan Civil War lasted until 2002, when a peace agreement was finally reached.

1958

1958-12 December
[1958-12-11 Thu]
STUB Republic of Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso) and Republic of Dahomey (now Benin) became self-governing and joined the French Community

1960s

1960

1960-12 December
[1960-12-11 Sun]
STUB French forces in Algeria cracked down on protesters during a visit from French President Charless de Gaulle

1963

1963-12 December
[1963-12-21 Sat]
STUB Bloody Christmas began in Cyprus

Turks destroyed more than 100 Greek villages, displacing tens of thousands

1964

1964-12 December
[1964-12-11 Fri]
STUB Che Guevara spoke to the UN General Assembly

1965

1965-12 December
[1965-12-21 Tue]
STUB United Nations adopted the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination

1966

1966-12 December
[1966-12-31 Sat]
STUB Black Cat Tavern Raid

1968

1968-10 October
[1968-10-02 Wed]
STUB The Tlatelolco Massacre began

The Tlatelolco Massacre was a massacre of university and high-school students carried out by the Mexican military. The event radicalized Subcomandante Marcos of the Zapatistas and the resignation of Peter Agee from the CIA.

On this day in 1968, around 10,000 university and high school students gathered in the Plaza de las Tres Culturas to protest the government's actions and listen peacefully to speeches. The crowd, which also included non-students such as residential neighbors, bystanders, and children, was fired upon by the Mexican military that evening.

Although the Mexican government said gunfire from the surrounding apartments prompted the army's attack, multiple eyewitness accounts claim they saw a military flare go up as a sign to begin firing on the crowd. The government also had hidden soldiers with machine guns in the apartment buildings they claimed they were fired upon from.

Estimates of the total killed range from 300-400, and over 1,300 people were arrested. The event radicalized Subcomandante Marcos, who later became a prominent member of the Zapatistas, an indigenous group that fights for liberation from the Mexican government.

The massacre also led CIA agent Philip Agee, an eyewitness to the violence, to resign from the organization in protest and author "Inside the Company: CIA Diary", which detailed his work on behalf of American imperialism and caused him to be deported from the United Kingdom.2

1968-12 December
[1968-12-23 Mon]
STUB U.S. sailors released after 11 months of North Korean internment

83 sailors from the USS Pueblo are released after 11 months of North Korean internment

1969

1969-12 December
[1969-12-11 Thu]
STUB Pino Pinelli murdered in Spanish state massacre

1970s

1973

1973-12 December
[1973-12-27 Thu]
STUB Skylab went silent

On Thursday, December 27th, 1973, overworked astronauts on the American Skylab 4 mission accidentally went silent. Perceived as a strike by ground crew, the silence resulted in better labor conditions for the space crew, and was arguably the first extraterran act of human labor resistance.

Prior to the incident, the three man crew reported exhausting working conditions. According to astronaut Edward Gibson, "We fell behind what mission control desired. So they decided they were going to help us out by giving us detailed instructions every morning….One morning we had about sixty feet of teleprinter message to cut up and divide up and understand before we even got to work."

In late December, the crew got permission for a day off from ground control, accounted for in their contracts. According to crewmember Gerald P. Carr, in their fatigued state, "[they] got careless with [their] radios", going a full orbit of the Earth without contacting ground control (approximately 90 minutes).

On Earth, this was perceived as intentional, and rumor of a strike quickly spread. Later, this incident was reported on by journalist Henry S.F. Cooper and Harvard Business School (HBS) as the first strike in space.

In later interviews, at least one crewmember claimed that the radio silence was unintentional, and, for its part, NASA strongly denies that the incident was a strike, with John Uri of the NASA Johnson Space Center stating "It is unfortunate that the unverified story began at all but even more so that over the years prestigious organizations propagated it, giving it credence when it deserves none."

In any case, a few days after the incident, administrators called a "crisis meeting", at the end of which ground control agreed to let the space crew set their own schedules.

1978

1978-12 December
[1978-12-11 Mon]
STUB the Lufthansa heist is committed
[1978-12-23 Sat]
STUB USSR forces occupied Kabul

1979

1979-10 October
[1979-10-16 Tue]
STUB Bu-Ma Democratic Protests

The Bu-Ma Democratic Protests against the South Korean Yushin regime began on this day in 1979, starting in Busan and later spreading to and Masan (now Changwon). The first to protest were students from Pusan National University, who began calling for the abolition of the Yushin regime in public demonstrations.

The protests quickly grew, and, just two days later, they had spread to Masan, resulted in the destruction of a tax collection office and burned police vehicles, and President Park Chung-hee declared martial law, arrested more than 1,000 people. On October 26th, President Park Chung-hee was assassinated, leading to the eventual dissolution of the Fourth Republic of South Korea.

On the 40th anniversary of the event, President Moon Jae-in apologized for the previous episodes of political repression, stating "As long as we have a history of great democratic protests, no power can rule over the people".

1979-12 December
[1979-12-21 Fri]
STUB Lancaster House Agreement is signed

Rhodesia becomes independent

1980s

1980

1980-12 December
[1980-12-11 Thu]
STUB Superfund Act created

1981

1981-12 December
[1981-12-11 Fri]
STUB Salvadoran soldiers committed the El Mozote Massacre

The El Mozote Massacre took place in the village of el Mozote, El Salvador on this day in 1981, when U.S.-trained Salvadoran soldiers massacred 800-1200 villagers, raping and murdering children there. The massacre was carried out by units of the Salvadoran army's Atlacatl Battalion, which was created in 1980 at the U.S. Army's School of the Americas.

Soldiers separated the population of el Mozote into men, women, and children, and began by torturing and executing the men. Girls as young as 10 were raped, and they murdered the children by cutting their throats and hanging them from trees. At least one child killed in this way was reportedly two years old.

Rufina Amaya (1943 - 2007) was the sole survivor of the violence. Amaya, hiding in a tree, watched as soldiers decapitated her husband and slaughtered her children, the youngest of whom was eight months old.

New York Times and Washington Post reporters, taking testimony from Amaya, broke the story in early 1982 and were heavily criticized. Both the U.S. and Salvadoran governments downplayed or outright denied the incident.

Officials from the Reagan administration called the accusations "gross exaggerations" and, as late as 2001, U.S. official Elliott Abrams said that Washington's policy in El Salvador from that period was a "fabulous achievement."

In December 2011, the government of El Salvador formally apologized for the massacre.

1986

1986-12 December
[1986-12-23 Tue]
STUB Voyager arrived at Edwards AFB

became the first craft to travel around the world without refueling

[1986-12-31 Wed]
STUB Dupont Plaza Hotel Fire

1988

1988-12 December
[1988-12-21 Wed]
STUB Locerbie Bombing
[1988-12-22 Thu]
STUB Chico Mendes was assassinated

1990s

1990

1990-12 December
[1990-12-11 Tue]
STUB Anti-communist demonstrations began in Albania

The beginning of the end of state communism for them.

[1990-12-23 Sun]
STUB Slovenia voted for independence

88.5% of Slovenia electorate voted for independence from Yugoslavia

1994

1994-10 October
[1994-10-16 Sun]
STUB Los Angeles protested against Prop 187, anti-immigrantion legislation

On this day in 1994, an estimated 70,000 demonstrators marched across Los Angeles in opposition to Prop 187, a ballot initiative that prevented any undocumented immigrant (both children and parents) from accessing public school, public healthcare, and public universities. The demonstration against Prop 187, known as the "Save Our State" initiative, is one of the largest mass protests in Los Angeles' history.

Although the ballot initiative passed at first, public and legal pressure from opponents of Prop 187 led to a federal court order preventing enforcement of the measure. The law was finally killed in 1997, when it was declared unconstitutional. The political controversy surrounding the law led to widespread voter registration from the Latino population, and is considered a major factor in California's subsequent shift away from the Republican Party.

1994-12 December
[1994-12-11 Sun]
STUB First Chechen War began

1995

1995-10 October
[1995-10-16 Mon]
STUB The Million Man March occurred

On this day in 1995, a collaborative rally of various civil rights and black liberation groups known as the "Million Man March" took place in Washington, D.C. Hundreds of thousands strong, the march included groups from across the political spectrum, from the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) to the National of Islam (NOI), and its purpose was to "convey to the world a vastly different picture of the Black male".

The rally's events were broken down into several sessions on specific topics, including "Sankofa: Lessons from the Past Linkages to the Future" and "Atonement and Reconciliation". Many prominent civil rights activists spoke at the event, including Betty Shabazz (widow of Malcolm X), Dr. Cornel West, Rosa Parks, Maya Angelou, Rev. Benjamin Chavis, Jr., and Minister Louis Farrakhan.

Two years after the march, the Million Woman March was held in response to fears that the Million Man March had focused on black men to the exclusion of black women. Farrakhan held the 20th Anniversary of the "Million Man March: Justice or Else" on October 10th, 2015, in Washington, D.C.

1997

1997-12 December
[1997-12-11 Thu]
STUB Kyoto Protocol opened for signatures

Before the Paris Agreement, lol

[1997-12-22 Mon]
STUB Acteal Massacre
[1997-12-23 Tue]
STUB Seinfeld popularized the secular holiday Festivus

21st Century

2000s

2002

2002-12 December
[2002-12-23 Mon]
STUB Iraqi MiG-25 shot down a U.S. MQ-1 Predator

The first combat engagement between a drone and conventional aircraft

2003

2003-12 December
[2003-12-23 Tue]
STUB Chuangdongbein Explosion

Chuandongbei natural gas field in Quaoqiao, Kai County, Chongqing, China, exploded, killing at least 234 people.

2005

2005-12 December
[2005-12-11 Sun]
STUB Cronulla race riots occurred

2006

2006-12 December
[2006-12-11 Mon]
STUB Mexican Drug War began

2007

2007-12 December
[2007-12-23 Sun]
STUB Nepal began transitioning into a republic

2009

2009-10 October
[2009-10-13 Tue]
Grace Lee Boggs died

2010s

2011-12 December
[2011-12-11 Sun]
STUB Aqrab Massacre

2013

2013-12 December
[2013-12-23 Mon]
STUB Lennon Brown hacked Citibank

Lennon Brown took down 90% of Citibank's North American servers as he quit his job for them

2015

2015-12 December
[2015-12-23 Wed]
STUB Sabhia Gokcen bombing

Sabhia Gokcen bombing occurred, claimbed by the Kurdistan Freedom Hawks

2016

2016-12 December
[2016-12-21 Wed]
STUB Nazzareno Antonio Tassone (Şehîd Agir Ararat) and Ryan Lock (Berxwedan Givara) died in Raqqa, fighting Daesh

2017

2017-12 December
[2017-12-11 Mon]
STUB Pipebomb failed in NYC, injuring 4, including bomber

2019

2019-12 December
[2019-12-11 Wed]
STUB Bougainvillean independence referendum results announced

2020s

2021

2021-05 May
[2021-05-28 Fri]
STUB Unmarked mass graves at former Kamloops Residential School were announced
2021-12 December
[2021-12-25 Sat]
STUB Candy Palmater passed on
STUB Turkish drone attack in Koban, Rojava killed 2, injured 7

Supplements

Footnotes:

1

See apeoplescalendar.org/calendar/events/parsley-massacre-1937

2

See apeoplescalendar.org/calendar/events/tlatelolco-massacre-1968

Created: 2021-12-31 Fri 15:02